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Visual Displays: Commercial and Research Resources

Head Mounted Displays


Electronics Technology Office. Head Mounted Displays Program--HMD Factsheets

Commercial Listings:

Division: dVISOR

Fakespace: Boom3C, FS2, Medview, Push, Pinch, Molly [head-coupled displays, hand input devices]

Forte Technologies: VFX1 headgear, Cyberpuck Virtual Reality controller

General Reality Company: CyberEye, ACE-100M, ACE 100S

Kaiser Electro Optics: Sim Eye 60, Vim 1000pv, Vim 500pv

Liquid Image: MRG6, MRG3c, MRG2.2, MRG4


n-visionDatavisor 10x, Datavisor VGA, Datavisor 80, VR Binoculars

Stereoscopic and Head-Mounted Display on IBM RISC System/6000 Workstations, and on IBM PCs

VictorMaxx: CyberMaxx hmd no longer produced. Contact supplier of the CyberMaxx 2.0 at http://www.phoenix.net/~vrgear

Virtual i-O: i-glasses

Virtuality : stand-alone Visette Pro, Elysium UltraScaler. [commerical hmd]

Virtual Presence Ltd.: VR product supplier, list of hmds.

Virtual Research Systems: VR4, VR4000, FS5

General Reference

Bernatchez, M. (1996) Resolution Analysis for HMD Helmets HTML Document.

Helmet-Mounted Displays References

Sci.virtual-worlds HMD FAQ

Real Time Graphics : August, 1995 Head Mounted Displays issue, Adobe Acrobat PDF file.

Research Centers

Human Interface Technology Lab: Virtual Retinal Display (VRD)

MIT: VLSI Microdisplay Technology Project

MIT: Wearable Computing

SRI Wireless Three-dimensional Hand-held Display

Augmented Reality

Milgram,P., Takemura, H., Utsumi, A. and Kishino, F. (1994). Augmented Reality: A Class of Displays on the Reality-Virtuality Continuum. SPIE Vol. 2351. Telemanipulator and Telepresence. HTML Document

Shutter Glasses



Stereographics: CrystalEyes, SimulEyes

Spatially Immersive Displays

(list originally prepared by Ed Lanz of Spitz Inc.)

Alternate Realities Corp. (ARC)
Manufactures VisionDome, a portable 3-D digital theater which provides a full hemispheric display. Offered in 5-meter and 7-meter models.
CONTACT: Dan Dembicki
Alternate Realities Corp.
Suite 165
1400 N. Woodward Ave.
Bloomfield Hills, MI 48304-2855
tel: 810.645.5730, fax: 810.645.5796
email: DDembicki@aol.com http://arc.interpath.net/arc

CGSD Corporation
Builds high-performance custom visual simulation and VR systems.
CONTACT: Roy Latham
CGSD Corporation
2483 Old Middlefield Way, #140
Mountain View, CA 94043-2330
tel: 415.903.4922, fax: 415.967.5252
email: rlatham@cgsd.com

David Sarnoff Research Center
Developing an immersive three-screen rear-projection stereoscopic display for medical visualization, museums and science centers, and C3I.
CONTACT: Jeffrey L. Posdamer
David Sarnoff Research Center
Visual Information Systems Research
CN 5300
Princeton, NJ 08543-5300
tel: 609.734.2008, fax: 609.734.2662
email: jposdamer@sarnoff.com

Dodeca LLC
Developer of the RoundAbout immersive imaging system providing live-action spherical videography for playback in a dome theater or HMD. Patented approach utilizes efficient pentagonal divisions of a spherical field of view.
CONTACT: David McCutchen
Dodeca LLC
2066 NW Irving St.
Portland, OR 97209-1200
tel: 503.220.8558, fax: 503.220.8557
email: dodecallc@aol.com

Electronic Visualization Laboratory
University of Illinois at Chicago
Pioneer of SIDs for VR applications. Developments include the CAVE virtual reality theater in 1992, the ImmersaDesk drafting-table format virtual prototyping device, and the NII/Wall, a large-screen stereo projection display suited for large audiences.
CONTACT: Daniel J. Sandin
Electronic Visualization Laboratory, University of Illinois at Chicago
851 S. Morgan St., Room 1120
Chicago, IL 60607-7053
tel: 312.996.3002, fax: 312.413.7585
email: sandin@eecs.uic.edu
Electronic Visualization Lab's VR Systems page: CAVE, ImmersaDesk and the Infinity Wall

Evans & Sutherland, Inc.
Products include Digistar II, a calligraphic video projection system for planetaria, and StarRider, a fully interactive, full-color projection system that delivers high-quality, three-dimensional graphics for domed theater environments. Also manufactures domed simulators.
CONTACT: Jayne Anderson
Evans & Sutherland, Inc.
600 Komas Drive
Salt Lake City, UT 84108
tel: 802.582.5847, fax: 802.582.5848

Fakespace, Inc.
Offers the Immersive Workbench based on original work performed at the German National Computer Science and Mathematics Research Institute (GMD), and further developments by Stanford University. The Immersive Workbench is a powerful new working environment for scientific visualization and virtual reality applications.
CONTACT: David Eggleston
Fakespace, Inc.
4085 Campbell Ave.
Menlo Park, CA 94025
tel: 415.688.1940, fax: 415.688.1949
email: bolas@well.com

FlightSafety International
Manufactures the VITAL product line of visual simulation systems for flight simulators.
CONTACT: Dan Myers
FlightSafety International
Visual Simulation Systems
5695 Campus Parkway
St. Louis, MO 63042-2338
tel: 314.551.8502, fax: 314.551.8444
email: myers@vss.fsi.com

Flogiston Corporation
Offers the flostation, a specially equipped personal immersion reclining chair with a "bubble-hood" display, motion base, hand controller, and a six-channel sound/vibration system. Originally funded by NASA for training astronauts in EVA procedures.
CONTACT: Brian Park
Flogiston Corporation
16701 Westview Trail Austin, TX 78737
tel/fax: 512.894.0562
email: floman@eden.com

Goto Optical Mfg. Co.
Offers the Virtuarium, a full-color CG dome projection system utilizing SGIÕs advanced computer graphics technology, NK-EXAÕs software integration technology, and GotoÕs specialized video projectors and dome engineering technology.
Goto Optical Mfg. Co.
4-16 Yazaki-cho
Fuchu-shi Tokyo 183 JAPAN
tel: +81.423.62.5312, fax +81.423.61.9571
email: info@goto.co.jp
U.S. Rep. Kimberly Ayers
tel: 415.599.9494
email: ayers@goto.co.jp

National University of Singapore
Developed the Virtual Workbench consisting of a computer screen, stereo glasses, a mirror and 3D sensors. The user looks into the mirror through the glasses and perceives the stereo virtual image within the work volume, where the sensor and hands lie. Direct interaction within the virtual volume is possible.
CONTACT: Luis Serra
National University of Singapore, Institute of Systems Science
Kent Ridge, Singapore 119597
tel: 65.772.2014, fax: 65.774.4998
email: luis@iss.nus.sg

Panoram Technologies, Inc.
Arrayed projection system, system design, GVR120 immersive visualization system for SGI Reality Centres(tm).
CONTACT: Theo Mayer
Panoram Technologies, Inc.
350 N. Glenoaks Blve., Suite 207
Burbank, CA 91502-1133
tel: 818.848.1614, fax: 818.848.2120
email: TheoPTI@aol.com
WWW: http://www.panoramtech.com/

Pilkington Aerospace, Inc.
Produces simulation visual display systems and related components including mirrors, back-projection screens, and beamsplitters.
CONTACT: Kevin McGee
Pilkington Aerospace, Inc.
12122 Western Avenue
Garden Grove, CA 92641
tel: 714.893.7531, ext. 203

SEOS Displays Limited
Specializes in the design, production, sales and support of visual display systems. Products include multi-channel dome display systems and collimating projection displays.
CONTACT: Barry Swainston
SEOS Displays Limited
Marchants Way, Burgess Hill
West Sussex RH15 8QY ENGLAND
tel: +44.1444.870.888, fax: +44.1444.870.777
American Sales Contact: John Anderson
tel: 904.672.0202, fax: 904.672.5108

Silicon Graphics Computer Systems
SGIÕs UK headquarters developed the Reality Centre, a simulation center using a 150 degree FOV edge-blended display, digital multi-channel sound effects system (AudioWorks from Paradigm Simulation, Inc.), and a Fly Chair (controls by B.G. Systems). Also adapted as the Visionarium in Mountian View, CA.
CONTACT: John Burwell
Silicon Graphics Computer Systems
2011 N. Shoreline Blvd.
Mountain View, CA 94043-1389
tel: 415.933.1743, fax: 415.964.8671
UK Contact: David Hughes, Reality Centre Manager
tel: +44.1.734.306222
email: davidh@reading.sgi.com

Sogitec Industries - Division Electronique
Manufactures simulator equipment including domes, target projectors, and head-slaved image projection systems.
CONTACT: Joel Clairon
Sogitec Industries - Division Electronique
4 rue Marcel Monge - Immeuble Nobel
tel: 33.1.4118.5731, fax: 33.1.4118.5718
U.S. Contact: tel: 201.261.6122, fax: 201.261.5258

Spitz, Inc.
Spitz engineers and manufactures projection-based immersive visualization systems, cylindrical and dome screens, and related products. New products include ElectricSky immersive dome video theater, and ElectricHorizon partial immersion VR display, both based on Spitz's ImmersaVision format.
Spitz, Inc.
U.S. Route #1
Chadds Ford, PA 19365
tel: 610.459.5200 x27, fax: 610.459.3830
email: spitz@libertynet.org

STN ATALAS Elektronik GmbH
The Simulation Division produces turn key simulation and visual systems and related software.
CONTACT: Rainer Huelsz
STN ATALAS Elektronik GmbH
Sebaldsbruecker Heerstr. 235
D-28305 Bremen, Germany
tel: +49.421.457.3326, fax: +49.421.457.3725

VRex, Inc
Offers the VR Cove, a three-screen rear-projection 3-D stereoscopic Virtual Reality Command Visualization Environment. Uses an exclusive seamless screen design and provides a 180 degree field-of-view. CONTACT: Carl Tung
VRex, Inc
8 Skyline Drive
Hawthorne, NY 10532
tel: 914.345.8877, fax: 914.345.9558